Describe and explain the effect of the substrate, nucleophile, solvent, and temperature in the rate of each reaction.
April 22, 2021 Comments Off on Describe and explain the effect of the substrate, nucleophile, solvent, and temperature in the rate of each reaction. Uncategorized Assignment-help

The purpose of this experiment is to analyze the effects of certain changes during the nucleophilic substitution reaction of alkyl halides. The effects of changing the nature of the halide, nature of the solvent, relative concentration of the reactants, temperature of the reaction and the nature of the nucleophile. The video shows the experiments using different alkyl halides for the nucleophilic reactions. Read the handout (see attached, pages 338-340) and then watch the video demonstration ( https://www.google.com/search?q=reactions+of+alkyl+halides+lab+tutorial&oq=reactions+of+alkyl+halides+lab+tut&aqs=chrome.1.69i57j33.17250j0j4&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8#kpvalbx=_Ygd5XqqwIcTIsAXFz5qIAQ70 ) The laboratory report should describe these reactions in depth using the equation and the mechanism for each substrate and the reagent. Additionally, discuss the different factors that affect each the reaction such as: temperature, nature of the substrate, solvent and nucleophile. Alkyl halides used as substrates in this lab: 1-bromobutane, 1-chlorobutane, 2-bromobutane, 2-chlorobutane and 2-chloro-2-methylpropane. Using the information in the video, collect the experimental data for Part 1 (NaI + alkyl halide). Based on the experiments described in the video, predict the test results for Part 2 (AgNO3 + alkyl halide). Images of positive test results in the lab report are recommended. Describe and explain the effect of the substrate, nucleophile, solvent, and temperature in the rate of each reaction.