1. Explain how both the English common law and the Hague-Visby Rules impose a duty upon a carrier of goods by sea to provide a seaworthy ship. 2. Section 1(5) of the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1992 empowers the Minister responsible for international trade to make regulations to promote electronic documents for the export trade. Explain how it might be possible to replace paper documents such as bills of lading with digital equivalents.