1. After reading the first 3 linked readings for this week (Totalitarianism in Europe Introduction, Hannes Meyer Open Letter, and MVDR Announcement) as well as the relevant passages in the textbook, describe in detail the effect the rise of Nazi Germany had on the Bauhaus. What was the political nature of Meyer’s open letter to the Mayor? What were the three changes The State Secret Police demanded MVDR to make to the organization of the Bauhaus and what was Mies’s response? (3-paragraphs minimum)
2. After reading the section on Albert Speer in the textbook and the excerpt from Speer’s memoir, describe in your own words Hitler’s taste in architectural style. (2-paragraph minimum)
3. Ruth Ben-Ghiat asks the question “why are so many Fascist Monuments Still Standing in Italy,” in her New Yorker article of 2017. Summarize the gist of her argument and some of the challenges endemic to Italy as it attempts to excise itself of its fascist past.