A) According to vicker (2002), ethnic regimes are institutionalized forms that determine or influence policy processes and normalize particular policy outcomes. Ethnic regimes are “normative structures” which acquire a “legitimating function” that prescribes and proscribes the actions, behaviours and practices of key social groups. To what extent does multiculturalism represent a form of ethnic regime? what are its key constitutive parts? provide an academic definition of Canadian multiculturalism as part of your response to the question above.
B) while anti semitism and Islamophobia are forms discrimination based on religion, they are also said to be types of racialization that target particular groups in society. Drawing from the historical and contemporary manifestation of one or the other in the Canadian context, present arguments to justify its consideration as a form of racism. how do concepts like new anti semitism and orientalism provide us a window into its power to influence the actions of canadian towards the identifiable group over time?
A) Aboriginal self government is central to the claims of sovereignty that indigenous people have historically made in Canada. Describe the theoretical approaches to the study of aboriginal conditions in Canada, and how effective they are to understanding the condition of colonial relations with the Canadian state. What is the value of aboriginal self government as a response to the challenges facing aboriginal peoples in Canada today? What is the legal basis for the indigenous claims for sovereignty? What extent is it a realistic basis for addressing the long-standing injustice and inequalities experienced by indigenous people in Canada and how can it contribute to the process of reconciliation between indigenous people in Canada?
B) here has been significant debate about the collection of -based data in law-enforcement. Some argue that it is a dangerous precedent and that the data can be misused, while other suggest it is necessary to understand specific problems groups face in the criminal justice system. Should the Toronto police services collect race based statistics? Discuss the pros and cons of the discussion, taking into account the OHRC’s (Ontario’s human rights commission) protocol for human rights related data collection.