Give a brief background on GMOs. What are they? What role do they play in our food production?
Genetically modifying organisms (GMO) is not a new technology;
it has been around for thousands of years. The first genetically
modifying happened 32,000 years ago with a wild wolfs that were
domesticated and later selective breeding to give humans a variation of
dogs with particular traits, looks, size, color, and strengths (Rangel,
2015). Today there are over 360 recognized dog breeds around the world,
but GMOs through science did not take off until 1973. Scientists
discovered they could cut out a gene from one object and paste it to
another. GMO allowed the scientist to move an antibiotic resistance from
one strain of bacteria into another, thus enabling antibiotic
resistance to another object. After this discovery, a considerable
amount of opposition occurred from the government, media, and other
scientists on the ramifications it would have on human health and the
Ecosystem (Rangel, 2015). In 1992 the first genetically engineered food
was approved for consumption by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the
FLAVR SAVR Tomato. Today GMO crops are farmed by over 17 million farms
around the world. GMO crops have increased yields and lowered production
prices by selective breading, advanced breeding, and gene modification
breeding, which allows a gene to be removed from a crop or added to a
different crop. GMO’s has enabled crops to be drought resistance,
stronger stalks, and roots, and prevent crop disease. GMOs have
increased the world’s food production; in the U.S. alone, we plant 39%
of GMO crops (Biotechnology Information, n.d.). What are the
Do you think genetic modification experimentation is “unnatural” or interferes with the “balance of nature”?
Humans have been shifting the balance of nature for thousands of
years. Disturbing nature by tearing down trees, moving water flows,
removing animals from their natural environment, and polluting the air.
But in case I believe it’s for the greater good. We as humans have
multiped by the millions, and the natural framing will not provide
enough food for the human race. Creating drought-resistant crops can
save many 2nd and 3rd world countries from famine and conflicts that
come with famines.
Some genetically modified (GM) traits can also be produced by
conventional crop breeding. In such a case, is the GM crop bad and the
conventional one good?
I think genetically modifying (GM) a crop should only take
place if you are unable to get the same results as conventional
breeding. GM is generally only used when a gene does not exist in a
species and wants to cross it with another crop. It also is used to
speed up a crop deployment phase; conventional crop breeding takes
multiple generations as GM could change the development of a crop in a
couple of years (Royal Society, 2016).
Why do you think the use of GMOs is still such a divisive topic?
The public wanting a definite answer on is this have long term
effect on human health as well as people disagreeing with alerting
nature have caused division in the party’s that are for it and against
it. On the other side, people are seeing the benefits and the future of
being able to stop world hunger. These two sides could not be further
from each other.
Council for Biotechnology Information (n.d.) GMOs Globally Retrieved from